India’s groundwater security – a growing concern

Aurélien Sostaponti - 26/03/19

 

According to the World Health Organization, a country having less than 1700m3 per capita water availability is said to be a « water-stressed » country. With about 4 per cent of the water resources of the world, India should have been a water-adequate nation. However, in 2011 India turned into a water-stressed nation, according to experts.

 

The immediate culprits that come to mind are the increasing demographic pressure, rapid urbanization and industrialization. However, urbanization and industrialisation are the driving forces for any developing economy like India and remains the need of the hour. What makes these driving forces evil is the lack of proper water management.

 

 

 

 

 

RAINFALL WASTAGE

 

65%

 

rainwater runoff goes into the sea, which is a major wastage considering that over 70 per cent of country’s farming is rain-fed. The runoff also causes soil erosion, river flooding and siltation of water bodies.

 

Source: Bhartiya Agro Industries Foundation

 

POOR SANITATION

 

5.2%

 

of India’s gross domestic product worth of economic opportunities were lost in 2015 because of poor sanitation. It is almost half of the total global losses. Poor sanitation results in water contamination that leads to widespread diseases and wastage of public resources
Source: Report ‘True Cost of Sanitation’

 

DEPLETING GROUNDWATER

 

253 billion cubic metres

 

is the amount of groundwater extracted in India annually, which is the highest in the world. Fifty-four percent of India’s groundwater wells have declined over the past seven years, and 21 major cities are expected to run out of groundwater by 2020

 

Source : UNESCO World Water Development Report

 

 

 

 

 

 

As a step towards resolving the groundwater depletion problem, the Central Ground Water Authority of the Union Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation on December 12, 2018 notified revised guidelines for ground water extraction which will take effect on June 1, 2019. These revised guidelines provide for the:

 

  • Encouraged use of recycled and treated sewage water by industries.

  • Provision of action against polluting industries.

  • Mandatory requirement of digital flow meters, piezometers and digital water level recorders, with or without telemetry depending upon quantum of extraction.

  • Mandatory water audit by industries abstracting ground water 500 m3/day or more in safe and semi-critical area and 200 m3/day or more in critical and over-exploited assessment units.

  • Mandatory roof top rain water harvesting except for specified industries.

  • Measures to be adopted to ensure prevention of ground water contamination in premises of polluting industries/ projects.

 

One of the important features of the revised guidelines is the introduction of the concept of Water Conservation Fee (WCF), the fee charged on extraction of ground water. The high rates of WCF are expected to discourage setting up of new industries in over-exploited and critical areas as well as may limit large scale ground water extraction by industries, especially in over-exploited and critical areas.

 

 

Download: No downloadable files present
Comments
About
Infrastructure, Transport and Industry (Industries and Cleantech) The Industries and Cleantech Department assists French companies in their international development strategy and promotes trade between France and India. In order to maximize commercial opportunities between French and Indian companies, the Department organises French Pavilions at a number of key exhibitions in India, as well as offering other B2B networking events and individual partnering services. The key focus of the department are the urban development (“100 smart cities”), the clean technologies (Renewables Energies, Energy efficiency…) and the industry (automotive, aeronautics, railways…). The Department provides expertise in : • Transportation (automotive, railway, aeronautics, naval, ITS) • Infrastructures (roads, airports, ports, etc.) • Energy  (Nuclear, Renewable Energy, T&D, O&G) • Cleantech (water and waste management)  &nbs

READ MORE

Facebook
Press area & Media Gallery
List of last comments

Bluestorage is a subsidiary of the Bollo...

Malcolm MESSIER | février 22, 2019

AdBGQi Thank you for this impressive rep...

best pron | janvier 29, 2018

pYktcT Well I definitely liked studying ...

just another | novembre 08, 2017

dv1KAR Say, you got a nice post.Thanks A...

best pron | septembre 20, 2017