Industry and CleanTech

Indo-French Agreement for Modernisation of Indian railway stations

Purva Marwaha - 26-juin-2019 14:09:23

In June 2019, the Indian Railway Station Development Corporation (IRSDC) signed a "Tripartite Agreement" with French National Railways – SNCF & the French Development Agency in India – AFD. This cooperation aims to support the Indian Railway’s ambitious programme to redevelop/modernise 600 railway stations across its network. The AFD will provide in-kind grant financing of up to 700000 EUROS, routed through the SNCF-Hubs and Connexions which is the Technical Partner for IRSDC, on this programme. The programme will not put any financial liability on the IRSDC or the Indian Railways.   The agreement was signed in presence of Mr Suresh Angadi, the Indian Minister of State of Railways and H.E. Mr. Jean Baptiste Lemoyne, Minister of State, Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, Government of France.   Redevelopment of 600 major railway stations is an ambitious project being taken up by the Indian Railway Station Development Corporation (IRSDC). All stations with more than 25000 footfalls will get escalators and all stations & trains will be gradually equipped with wi-fi. CCTVs are to be provided at all stations and trains. IRSDC has been entrusted with the task of conducting techno-economic feasibility studies of all the stations. Redevelopment is proposed to be taken up in phases after the completion of these studies. By November 2018, a total of 574 escalators were commissioned and the work of Wi-Fi internet facility was completed at 721 stations and CCTV facility was provided at 436 stations.   Since December 2018, Business France India is engaged on a programme to help French companies to partner with Indian firms for participating in the station redevelopment projects/tenders in India. Phase-2 of Business France’s programme was recently concluded were a matching of business potentials was initiated between Indian EPCs (engineering, procurement, construction companies) and few French companies from the railway stations sector. The phase-3 of Business France’s programme is now to be executed, for which French companies will be visiting India between September-November 2019 to participate in B2B discussions with potential Indian partners and meet the public stakeholders from India involved in this project. If you wish to know more about Business France’s activities in this domain, please write to Durlabh Maharishi ( durlabh.maharishi@businessfrance.fr ).


Indian Maritime sector: an Ocean of Opportunities

Purva Marwaha - 26-juin-2019 13:46:42

As India grows to be one of the major economies in the world, it will require a vibrant and strong maritime industry to strategically support this growth. India is the 16 th largest maritime country in the world and its maritime transport handles around 95% of India’s trading by volume and 70% in value terms. India’ s strategic location along most major shipping highways , with a vast coastline of 7500 km, endorses the growth of a Blue Economy   in a sustainable, inclusive and people centred manner.   India  is developing its  maritime infrastructure   as well as its inland waterways and coastal shipping through the launch of several major initiatives such as the Sagarmala project, ports modernization and Inland Waterways & Coastal Shipping development, which will revolutionize maritime logistics and port led developments in the country. India’s ambitious Sagarmala programme has identified 600 plus projects entailing huge investment of around 120 billion dollars by the year 2020. This will save nearly 6 billion dollars per annum in logistics costs besides creating 10 million new jobs and boosting port capacity by 800 MMTPA to an overall 3500 MMTPA. Coastal Economic Zones (CEZs) are being developed under Sagarmala with a proposed investment of 150 Million dollars per location. These CEZs will thus foster blue economy wherein industries and townships that depend on the sea and contribute to global trade through sea connectivity are envisaged. The Indian Navy too, is giving a strong push to the Make in India initiative as it strives for self-reliance in the production of warships.  Also, in view of the recent regulations to control emissions from ships set by International Maritime Organization, there will be a growing need to collaborate for environment-friendly technology & solutions, such as LNG powered vessels, as well as green ports. In the pursuit of these endeavours, another key area is training & development of manpower, university partnerships to encourage innovation, knowledge sharing and transfer through partnerships and technological assistance from maritime countries to orient the workforce towards world-class manufacturing techniques and processes. Keeping this ambition of India in mind, Business France in partnership with the maritime cluster, will be organising a Maritime days event focusing on important sub-sectors like port infrastructure development, port modernisation, shipbuilding, waterways etc. This program is scheduled to take place in November 2019 . If you wish to collaborate with us for this event, please write to zaver.mistry@businessfrance.fr     Sources : Business Standard, Forbes India


Interview Mr Kunal Kumar: India’s Smart Cities Mission, perspective for French companies

Aurélien Sostaponti - 31-mai-2019 07:10:45

BUSINESS FRANCE IN INDIA India’s Smart Cities Mission Perspectives for French companies on the occasion of Ambition India 2019 – Business France Replies by: Mr Kunal Kumar Joint Secretary (Mission Director – Smart Cities), Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), Government of India Q1. Could you please provide a brief introduction of India’s Smart Cities Mission (SC Mission)? India’s Smart Cities Mission was launched by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on June 25, 2015. The main objective is to promote cities that provide holistic and integrated infrastructure and a great quality of life to their citizens while maintaining a clean and sustainable environment. The focus is on sustainable and inclusive development and idea is to look at compact areas, create replicable models which will act like lighthouses to other aspiring cities. The process of selection of 100 smart cities was based on the principle of Cooperative and competitive federalism —all cities were given equal opportunity to enter through All India Challenge conducted in four rounds. The cities competed in a two-stage challenge process at the State and Central level. Key features of this process were Citizen Engagement and City Empowerment where cities were encouraged to decide their aspirations and execute them with support from Central and State Government. Integration, innovation and sustainability are guiding principles of the Smart Cities implemented through provision of integrated infrastructure and services, promoting circular economy and sustainable habitats, reimagining paradigms of governance and spurring innovation in delivery of solutions. Technology is one of the many instruments that smart cities are adopting to solve urban challenges. Inclusiveness is built into the mission to ensure that each and every citizen benefits from the urban transformation that is taking place in the smart cities. Each Smart City has formulated its own concept, vision, mission and plan (Smart City Proposal--SCP) which is appropriate to its local context, resources and level of ambition. Every SCP includes core-infrastructure elements such as assured water supply, electricity supply, sanitation and solid waste management, efficient mobility and public transport, affordable housing, safety and security, health and education. Smart Solutions in SCP include a bouquet of services that ensure that service delivery levels are achieved and measured, citizen services are seamlessly delivered, grievances are timely registered and resolved and safety is increased through video surveillance and monitoring. Q2. Please share some highlights of the progress of the Smart Cities Mission since its launch in 2016? Since the launch of the mission in June 2015, the work has progressed at a brisk pace. 100 cities were selected over a period spanning from January 2016 to June 2018. Post selection, each city has incorporated an SPV or Special Purpose Vehicle, with dedicated management and organisation structure to drive the project implementation and other initiatives of the mission. The SPV has appointed the project management consultant (PMC) that will support the SPV in planning, design and implementation of the projects. The projects can be broadly categorised into four themes : • Ease of Living - urban mobility, affordable housing, water and sanitation, safety and security, vibrant open spaces • Smart Governance – Integrated Command and Control Centres, Smart Card, Online Services, Intelligent Traffic Management System, Smart Poles • Connected Communities – Smart Education/ Classrooms, Skill Development, Public Art, Built Heritage • Urban Resilience – Solar and Wind Energy, Waste to Energy Plants, Green Buildings, Energy Management The 100 smart cities have proposed to execute 5 151 projects worth € 26.65 billion (INR 2 05 018 crores) in 5 years from their respective dates of selection. Financial innovation is built in the design of their capital investment plans. 64 % of the total projects i.e. 3492 projects, worth € 17.16 billion (INR 1 32 068 crore) have been tendered in SCM of which work orders have been issued in 41 % i.e. 2745 projects worth € 11.32 billion (INR 87 131 crore). 860 projects worth € 1.88 billion (INR 14 465 crore) have been completed. This is a significant increase in pace of implementation—289 % increase in tendered projects and 358 % in implementation/completed in last 16 months! Mission Cities have successfully expedited work on key projects which include: Integrated Command and Control Centers (ICCC) in 71 cities with operational in 16 cities; Smart streets projects in 69 cities; Smart Solar energy projects in 47 cities; Smart Water management projects in 67 cities; Smart Waste Water management projects in 56 cities. Projects are being executed through Public Private Partnerships in 61 cities. Q3. With regards to the Indo-French cooperation on Smart Cities, what views would you like to share? The relationship between India and France dates back to several decades and has been scaling heights in recent years. Indian Prime Minister paid a landmark visit to France from 09-12 April 2015. Former French President Hollande paid State visit to India during 24-26 January 2016 and was our chief guest for India’s Republic Day celebration. Our Prime Ministers have been meeting regularly on different platforms. The scale of cooperation between the two countries may be understood from the fact that almost 1000 French companies are present in India with a total turnover of more than € 17.8 billion (20 Billion USD). French companies have; the third largest FDI inflow, 25 R&D centres in India and employed around 300 000 people in India. On the other side, 120 Indian companies operating in France with an estimated investment stock of 1 billion Euros and employing around 7000 people. With regard to the Smart City Mission in India, France and India are collaborating on a very interesting project, City Investments to Innovate, Integrate and Sustain (CITIIS) Challenge. CITIIS was launched on 9th July 2018 by the Smart Cities Mission, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs in partnership with Agence Française de Développement (AFD), European Union (EU) and National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA). The program, the total size of which was € 100 Million, was open to all the 100 smart cities During the Challenge process for selection of projects under CITIIS, 36 Smart cities submitted a total of 67 proposals belonging to various themes. Of these, 13 projects from 13 cities and 12 States were selected for award by a distinguished jury comprising of nine experts from India and France. MoUs have also been signed between AFD (French Development Agency) and UT of Chandigarh, Puducherry and State Government of Maharashtra for development of Chandigarh, Puducherry and Nagpur. (Support for preparation of SCPs and implementation of projects) As part of urban transport improvement initiatives in India, financial assistance to various Metro projects were provided by AFD such as Bangalore Metro (€100 million - Phase 1, € 200 million -Phase 2), Kochi Metro (€ 180 million) and Nagpur metro. With regard to technical collaboration, technical support was provided to various Metro projects such as signaling system in Bangalore Metro, telecommunication and power & traction in Kochi Metro etc. The two countries have been working together in several fields ranging from civil nuclear cooperation, defense, and space to cultural, scientific and technological areas, including cybersecurity and digital cooperation. I would like to see this cooperation grow in the areas of urban development and combating climate change. Q4. In terms of projects, kindly elaborate the type of projects for which international companies can be useful to India’s Smart Cities Mission. I would like to see international industry actively participating in India’s urban sector via one or more of the following three tracks: 1) Providing technical support/capacity building support to cities/design and execution professionals already working in India; 2) Undertaking projects design and implementation of projects through competitive bidding/consortium building; and 3) Bringing in investment to Indian projects. Some areas we would like their participation in are: • Smart energy systems, net zero cities/precincts • Urban design of complete streets Reviving local economies • Increase on disaster resilient cities and communities • Urban Mobility and Transit Oriented Development (TOD) • Design of cities promoting circular economy; water and waste management Design of accessible urban spaces for the old and the people with disabilities Q5. Could you help us understand what are and will be the different types of preferred tendering processes to be used for projects under the Smart Cities Mission? We do not prescribe any particular tendering process to be used for projects under the Smart Cities Mission. The smart city SPV has the authority to carry out the tendering process for all projects. The tendering process is often guided by the procurement rules prescribed by the state governments. The state governments have their own procurement rules, procurement manual and in some instances standard documents to be followed by the state agencies. The city SPV undertakes a project development phase for individual projects that includes preparation of the feasibility study and/or Detailed Project Report (DPR). The tendering of the projects is done after the approval of the feasibility study/DPR. The tenders are published widely to maximise participation. Most of the tenders are evaluated both on cost and quality; lifecycle costs are taken into consideration for long gestation projects. Level playing field is made available so that the best companies can participate. Their participation has been one of the highlights of the Mission. Not only the best Indian companies, but renowned international companies have participated and are successfully executing projects in various cities. Q6. Can you elaborate what is the emphasis given, under the SC Mission to 3 sectors: mobility (urban transportation), water-waste management and connectedness of services for citizens? The Smart City Mission in India is envisioned as an urban rejuvenation initiative encompassing holistic development of urban areas including, but not limiting to, smart command and control centre, smart roads, smart solar, smart waste water and smart water projects. The three sectors with regard to mobility (urban transportation), water-waste management and connectedness of services for citizens are an integral part of the Mission and have been central to its objectives.Mobility (urban transportation): Smart transportation leverages smart infrastructure that includes multi-modal connected conveyance, automated traffic signals, tolls and fare collection, data integration—incorporating weather and traffic data, linking emergency services data as well as information from government agencies— drives the system. A central command centre ties together the smart transportation ecosystem, with real-time and updated data, handling passenger information, traffic signals, incident management and vehicle health monitoring. Optimized ‘on-demand services’ ensure that citizens can use all modes of transport according to their needs. Shared mobility solutions help provide first and last mile connectivity in conjunction with public transportation, they can act as feeder services and improve access to metro/rail or bus services. We are aiming to make public transportation robust and accessible through multi-modal shared mobility, so that citizens can choose it for all their commuting needs be it travel for work, travel for daily needs or for leisure. This can help move people away from private vehicles, which can contribute to lowering congestion and pollution. Cities under the Mission, are using technology to develop such seamless and connected transportation systems. Technology driven smart public transportation offers more attractive, reliable, convenient and complete choice of mode to commute. This reduces dependency on cars, arrests urban sprawl, and enables city authorities to develop compact cities with more focus on moving people rather moving cars. Lesser cars on roads will also reduce city’s air pollution levels. Moreover, with the continuous advancement in development of electric vehicles, smart transportation is destined to transform cities to zero emission mobility smart cities. In the Mission cities till date, total of 734 smart transportation projects worth € 3.64 billion (INR 28000 crore) are under implementation/completed. Electric mobility projects worth € 0.08 billion (INR 601 crore) are under implementation/completed in 21 cities. Public transport operations and traffic management are integral part of all ICCC enabled cities. Smart streets worth € 0.67 billion (INR 5146 crore) are under implementation/completed in 35 cities. I would like to mention that this is just the tip of the iceberg and many more such projects are being conceived across the country as I pen this down. Water and Waste Management: Under Smart Cities Mission various initiatives are undertaken for improving water systems in smart cities. These projects include installation of smart water meters, providing house service connections, upgradation of water supply systems, interlinking of water network data with SCADA system etc. The aim is to upgrade the existing water supply systems to 24X7 water supply systems. A total of 315 projects with estimated cost € 2.96 billion (INR 22 817 crore) are at various stages of implementation across the Mission. Of these, 35 projects worth € 0.16 billion (INR 1218 crore) have been completed, 126 projects worth € 1.32 billion (INR 10 119 crore) are under implementation and 45 projects worth € 0.57 billion (INR 4391 crore) are under tendering stage. Several initiatives with regard to waste management are also being implemented under this mission. These projects include waste to energy plants, waste to compost plants, waste water treatment plants, recycling and reduction of construction and demolition waste etc. A total of 323 waste management projects with estimated cost € 1.96 billion (INR 15 116 crore) are at various stages of implementation across the Mission. Of these, 90 projects worth € 0.19 billion (INR 1456 crore) have been completed, 177 projects worth € 1.32 billion (INR 10 182 crore) are under implementation and the rest 56 projects worth € 0.45 billion (INR 3478 crore) are under tendering stage. Regarding waste to energy plant, a total of 18 projects worth € 0.31 billion (INR 2401 crore) in 17 smart cities are at various stages of implementation. Of these, 4 projects worth € 0.026 billion (INR 202 crore) have been completed, 6 projects worth € 0.23 billion (INR 1790 crore) are under implementation and 2 projects worth € 0.043 billion (INR 338 crore) are under tendering stage. As mentioned in the case of mobility, there are many more projects than the ones which have found mention here, and hence the amount of work that remains to be taken up is clearly very large. Connectedness of Services for Citizens: Smart Cities leverage ICT based technologies and digitalisation to make governance citizen-friendly and cost effective, bring about accountability and transparency, provide services without having to go to municipal offices, form e-groups to listen to people and obtain feedback, and use online monitoring of programs and activities with the aid of online tools. In line with this, Integrated Command and Control Centres (ICCC) are being built by many smart cities to help cities in better urban planning and management. ICCCs function as single source of information and point of resolution of the civic functions of the city. They are bringing transparency through information sharing, a step towards becoming an inclusive city. Some of the ways an ICCC will impact citizens’ lives are: • Improved decision making for (local and other levels of) governments • Improved environmental sustainability and climate change outcomes. • Improved quality of services to citizens • Safety of citizens • Making cities more inclusive A total 71 out of 100 smart cities have started work on ICCC as one of its projects under the Mission. Till date, 16 Smart Cities have operationalised ICCCs worth € 0.38 billion (INR 2927 crore), work is in progress in another 44 cities worth € 0.54 billion (INR 4170 crore) and remaining 11 cities have their projects under tendering. Q7. Regarding the finances of the projects under the SC Mission, what is the extent of the available government funding and to what extent is the PPP and the private funding expected? The Mission encompasses 100 cities which have proposed to execute 5151 projects worth € 26.65 billion (INR 2 05 018 crores) in 5 years from their respective dates of selection. innovation is built in the design of their capital investment plans. The distribution of funding envisaged from different sources is as follows: • Central and State government: € 12.16 billion (INR 93 553 crore) (45%), • Convergence : € 5.46 billion (INR 42,028 crore) (21%), • Funds from PPP : € 5.33 billion (INR 41,022 crore) (21%), • Loans/Debt : € 1.27 billion (INR 9,843 crore) (4%), • Own sources : € 0.34 billion (INR 2,644 crore) (1%), Other sources: € 2.07 billion (INR 15 930 crore) (8%). Q8. Several foreign investors have remarked that most ULBs are not financially selfsustainable and tariff levels fixed by the ULBs for providing services often do not mirror the cost of supplying the same. Could you please share your opinion in this regard with us? I ascribe to the idea of ‘Think Global, Act Local’. While most development takes place at city level, they have to be mindful of the impact of their actions on the planet. To achieve that we must empower our cities to not only act but also think, analyse and take decisions. Having said that, cities need to become autonomous in terms of meeting their financial and other resource needs for infrastructure development, and day to day management. Lack of adequate infrastructure adversely affects a city’s ability to attract investment, and hence economic sustainability. Most of the ULBs lack in mobilization of resources and financial autonomy. The total revenues of all Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in India merely amounts to about 1% of India’s GDP. The resource base of ULBs typically consists of their own sources, state revenue, government grant, loans from state governments, and market borrowings. They are sometimes not aware of the opportunities and avenues of generating revenues through taxes and non-tax charges. Even if they are aware, they do not have the skill to optimize tax collection. ULBs in India, therefore, have a minimal revenue base and largely dependent on Central and State grants, which constrains the ability of ULBs to invest adequately in capital expenditure like creating infrastructure and, thereby, improve quality of life in the city. Strengthening capacities of ULBs is necessary for effective resource mobilization. Their financial capacity is often restricted not only by low tax base but also low capacity for mobilization of existing resources, as result of which the ULBs are not able to harness property tax as per their potential due to undervaluation; non-availability of database of properties; low rates; low collection efficiency and lack of indexation of property values. We do realise financial self-sufficiency of the ULBs is an absolute must. Steps are being taken at all levels to empower ULBs to become self-sufficient. While the Constitution of India envisaged a two-tier system of federation, the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992 added third tier of government viz. urban local bodies. The amendment aimed at devolution of functions, finances and functionaries to ULBs. We, at the Ministry encourage cities to raise funds through municipal bonds, review of property tax system to improve efficiency and transparency in collection and mobilization of resources. Only in the last couple of years we have started to see a renewed vigour from Indian cities in raising money from the market through the instrument of Muni bonds. Several new initiatives for financial innovation are also being attempted and are showing encouraging signs of transformation. We are working on Capacity building of local government leaders such as Commissioners in : • financial management, preparation of financial statements for increased efficiency • improving the quality of service delivery which is the cornerstone for effective and sustainable urbanisation • exploring innovative/alternative sources of revenue generation at the municipalities level such as PPP, Municipal bonds, venture capital financing, crowd source financing, entertainment tax, mobile towers, user charges for solid waste, water, parking, value capture financing, etc. • enhancing citizen participation, e-governance tools like on-line procurement, tenders, and online expenditure reports. I am sure with all the efforts Government is making in this direction, local governments will soon be in a better position than they were a few years ago.


India’s first semi-high speed train

Aurélien Sostaponti - 29-avr.-2019 09:13:38

On 15 February 2019, India’s first semi-high speed train was officially put into operations by the Indian Railways. The train, earlier referred as Train-18, is renamed Vande Bharat Express and it has been deployed on the Delhi-Varanasi route (776 kms). This is a fully made-in-India engineless train and it is propelled through electric traction (like a metro train). During trial runs it attained a maximum speed of 180 kmph. It is currently the fastest train of the Indian Railways and will operate at a speed of 160 kmph covering the Delhi-Varanasi route in 8 hours (reducing by 15% the present travel time on this route). Train 18 is manufactured by the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) at Chennai, Tamil Nadu and the cost of the first train is INR 100 crore (~13 M EUR). The objective of the Indian Railways is to eventually replace the entire fleet of its Shatabdi Express trains with this new semi-high speed train. The modern design includes improved passenger amenities; on-board WiFi, GPS-based passenger information system, touch-free bio-vacuum toilets, LED cabin lighting, mobile charging points and an automated climate control system that adjusts the temperature according to the weather and occupancy of the coaches. Two coaches – one on either end – are provided with disabled-friendly passenger bays and disabled-friendly toilets. Train 18 has 2 Executive Compartments with 52 seats each and 14 Chair Car coaches with 78 seats each. The premium "Executive Class" has rotating seats to match the direction of train’s movement. Ticket prices have been kept higher than those of the Shatabdi Express trains on the same route: the Chair Car (CC) fare is increased by 1.5 times and the premium "Executive Class" fare is increased by 1.4 times. Overall, the passengers will pay 30-40 % higher fares than they do for the previous Shatabdi Express trains. Technologically, the Indian Railways did not have a self-accelerating train set with specially designed undercarriage for 160 kmph speed operation and multi-featured couplings. Developing motorized bogies with fully suspended traction motors and under-slung propulsion system was their principal challenge. The train is capable of a faster acceleration and deceleration rate which makes it much more energy-efficient, more maintenance-friendly with lower life cycle cost. Most of the major equipment like car body, propulsion system, interior furnishing items, bogies etc. are made in India. Import content is mainly in brake system, automatic doors, seats and air springs. In the long-term, the Indian Railways plans to manufacture some of these items also in India.


Smart Manufacturing – India rises to the challenges of the industrial revolution

Nidhi Somani - 29-avr.-2019 09:11:29

Factory of the future, Smart Factory, Industry 4.0, cyber-factory or connected factory: Regardless of what it is called, this transformation of industry represents a revolution in manufacturing processes based on new technologies and innovative concepts. Why is it called Industry 4.0? It is being called Industry 4.0 to represent the fourth revolution that has occurred in manufacturing. From the first industrial revolution (mechanization through water and steam power) to the mass production and assembly lines using electricity in the second, the fourth industrial revolution will take what was started in the third with the adoption of computers and automation and enhance it with smart and autonomous systems fueled by data and machine learning. What is Industry 4.0 for India ? According to IBEF, the Government of India has set an ambitious target of increasing the contribution of manufacturing output to 25 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by 2025, from 16 percent currently. IoT, being one of the most important aspects of Industry 4.0 for India, is expected to capture close to 20 percent share in global IoT market in the next five years. Furthermore, the IoT market in India is projected to grow at a CAGR of more than 28 percent during 2015-2020. Major Indian states are taking initiatives to adapt to Industry 4.0. Andhra Pradesh has taken an initiative to capitalise on the IoT potential in the country. The state government has approved the first-of-its-kind IoT policy with an aim to turn the state into an IoT hub by 2020 and tap close to 10 per cent market share in the country. India’s first smart factory, moving from automation to autonomy, where machines speak with each other, is being set up in Bengaluru. It is making progress at the Indian Institute of Science’s (IISc) Centre for Product Design and Manufacturing (CPDM) with an investment from The Boeing Company. Various Indian companies are increasing their focus and partnering with other companies for developing new IoT and M2M solutions, the Digital India initiative from the Government of India is expected to enhance the focus on IoT in tackling the domestic challenges. In line with India’s focus on automation in manufacturing, Business India is organising a seminar & roadshow called In2France Smart Factory 2019 in December 2019 . This event will focus on 5 industries : Automotive, Steel, Textile, Pharmaceutical & E-commerce. If you wish to collaborate with us for this event, please write to nidhi.somani@businessfrance.fr


India’s groundwater security – a growing concern

Aurélien Sostaponti - 26-mars-2019 11:40:42

  According to the World Health Organization, a country having less than 1700m 3 per capita water availability is said to be a «  water-stressed  » country. With about 4 per cent of the water resources of the world, India should have been a water-adequate nation. However, in 2011 India turned into a water-stressed nation, according to experts.   The immediate culprits that come to mind are the increasing demographic pressure, rapid urbanization and industrialization. However, urbanization and industrialisation are the driving forces for any developing economy like India and remains the need of the hour. What makes these driving forces evil is the lack of proper water management.           RAINFALL WASTAGE   65%   rainwater runoff goes into the sea, which is a major wastage considering that over 70 per cent of country’s farming is rain-fed. The runoff also causes soil erosion, river flooding and siltation of water bodies.   Source: Bhartiya Agro Industries Foundation   POOR SANITATION   5.2%   of India’s gross domestic product worth of economic opportunities were lost in 2015 because of poor sanitation. It is almost half of the total global losses. Poor sanitation results in water contamination that leads to widespread diseases and wastage of public resources Source: Report ‘True Cost of Sanitation’   DEPLETING GROUNDWATER   253 billion cubic metres   is the amount of groundwater extracted in India annually, which is the highest in the world. Fifty-four percent of India’s groundwater wells have declined over the past seven years, and 21 major cities are expected to run out of groundwater by 2020   Source : UNESCO World Water Development Report             As a step towards resolving the groundwater depletion problem, the Central Ground Water Authority of the Union Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation on December 12, 2018 notified revised guidelines for ground water extraction which will take effect on June 1, 2019. These revised guidelines provide for the:   Encouraged use of recycled and treated sewage water by industries. Provision of action against polluting industries. Mandatory requirement of digital flow meters, piezometers and digital water level recorders, with or without telemetry depending upon quantum of extraction. Mandatory water audit by industries abstracting ground water 500 m3/day or more in safe and semi-critical area and 200 m3/day or more in critical and over-exploited assessment units. Mandatory roof top rain water harvesting except for specified industries. Measures to be adopted to ensure prevention of ground water contamination in premises of polluting industries/ projects.   One of the important features of the revised guidelines is the introduction of the concept of Water Conservation Fee (WCF), the fee charged on extraction of ground water. The high rates of WCF are expected to discourage setting up of new industries in over-exploited and critical areas as well as may limit large scale ground water extraction by industries, especially in over-exploited and critical areas.    


2019: A crucial year for India’s renewable energy targets

Kushal SENGUPTA - 26-mars-2019 11:35:53

  India accounts for approximately 4 percent of the total global electricity generation and contributes 4.43 percent to the global renewable generation capacity. According to a Climatescope 2018 report by research organisation Bloomberg NEF (BNEF), India has become the largest market globally for auction of new renewable energy generation projects and the second-largest destination for clean energy investments. Globally, India stands at No. 5 in terms of total renewable energy installed capacity, behind only China, U.K., Germany and U.S. India’s goal is to achieve   175 GW of renewable capacity by 2022 which includes 100 GW of Solar power, 60 GW from wind power, 10 GW from biomass power and 5 GW from small hydro power.   As of January 2019, the total renewable power installed capacity (excluding large hydro) in the country stood at 74.08GW with wind comprising of 47% and solar comprising of 34 % of the total renewable energy mix in the country. The western and southern states account for around 90% of the installed solar capacity.   Wind and solar energy will play a key role in India’s ambitious target of meeting 175 GW by 2022. India ranks fourth in the world in terms of total installed wind power capacity. In 2018 (up to September), India added the second highest solar capacity in the world, after China. Solar installation in India is expected to increase 360 percent by 2020.   In 2018 the Governement of India took some major initiatives in the renewable energy sector :   100% electrification of all inhabited villages in India Prime Minister, Narendra Modi inaugurated the first general assembly of International Solar Alliance (ISA) India added approximately 9.5GW of renewable energy capacity—7GW of solar capacity and 2.5 GW of wind capacity The ministry of new and renewable energy released regular tenders, and 15GW of wind and solar capacity was allocated. India added a record 1.5GW of capacity rooftop solar market The ministry also promoted new avenues for renewable energy growth—floating solar, hybrid, large-scale solar manufacturing and off-shore—some of which got tremendous response from the industry.   The year 2019 will be crucial in deciding whether India can meet its renewable energy targets by 2022. The sector needs major technological and public policy interventions to successfully meet its target of 175GW by 2022 and the long-term target of achieving 40% of India’s electricity capacity from renewable sources by 2030. Non-conventional energy received FDI inflow of US$ 7.48 billion between April 2000 and December 2018. In order to reach the 2022 targets, India needs approximately $75 billion in investments over the next four years—both debt and equity capital.   Author : Kushal SENGUPTA Trade Advisor -Industry & Cleantech Department Business France Mumbai Source : Fortune India, Renew Power, Ministry of Renewable Energy India, IBEF


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Infrastructure, Transport and Industry (Industries and Cleantech) The Industries and Cleantech Department assists French companies in their international development strategy and promotes trade between France and India. In order to maximize commercial opportunities between French and Indian companies, the Department organises French Pavilions at a number of key exhibitions in India, as well as offering other B2B networking events and individual partnering services. The key focus of the department are the urban development (“100 smart cities”), the clean technologies (Renewables Energies, Energy efficiency…) and the industry (automotive, aeronautics, railways…). The Department provides expertise in : • Transportation (automotive, railway, aeronautics, naval, ITS) • Infrastructures (roads, airports, ports, etc.) • Energy  (Nuclear, Renewable Energy, T&D, O&G) • Cleantech (water and waste management)  &nbs

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